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Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis (born 29 April 1957) is an English actor with both British and Irish citizenship. Day-Lewis, who grew up in London, is the son of actress Jill Balcon and Poet Laureate Cecil Day-Lewis. Despite his training in the classical presentational acting style at the Bristol Old Vic, he is a method actor, known for his constant devotion to and research of his roles. Often, he will remain completely in character for the duration of the shooting schedule of his films, even to the point of adversely affecting his health. He is known as one of the most selective actors in the film industry, having starred in only five films since 1998, with as many as five years between roles. He has thrice won the Academy Award for Best Actor, for his portrayals of Christy Brown in My Left Foot (1989), Daniel Plainview in There Will Be Blood (2007), and as Abraham Lincoln in Lincoln (2012). He also won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor and the Screen Actors' Guild Award for his role as Bill "The Butcher" Cutting in Gangs of New York (2002). Most recently, he won his fourth BAFTA Award for Best Actor, the Golden Globe for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role for his role as Abraham Lincoln in Steven Spielberg's 'Lincoln'' (2012), for which he won his third Academy Award for Best Actor, becoming the first actor to achieve such a feat.

Early life
Day-Lewis was born in London, the son of poet Cecil Day-Lewis and actress Jill Balcon. Daniel's father, who was of Anglo-Irish background, lived mainly in England from the age of two and later became the United Kingdom's Poet Laureate. Daniel's mother was Jewish, and his maternal grandparents' families had emigrated to Britain from Latvia and Poland.

His maternal grandfather, [[Michael Balcon|Sir Michael Balcon]], an important figure in the history of British cinema, was the head of [[Ealing Studios]]. Two years after his birth, the family moved to Croom's Hill, [[Greenwich]], south-east London, where Day-Lewis grew up along with his older sister, [[Tamasin Day-Lewis]], who became a documentary filmmaker and television chef.
Living in middle class Greenwich, Day-Lewis found himself among tough South London kids, and, being of part Jewish ancestry and "posh", he was often bullied. He mastered the local accent and mannerisms and credits that with being his first convincing performances. Later in life, he was known to speak of himself as very much a disorderly character in his younger years, often in trouble for shoplifting and other petty crimes. In 1968, Day-Lewis's parents, finding his behaviour to be too wild, sent him to the independent Sevenoaks School in Kent as a boarder. Though he detested the school, he was introduced to his three most prominent interests: woodworking, acting, and fishing. His disdain for the school grew, and after two years at Sevenoaks, he was transferred to another independent school, Bedales in Petersfield, Hampshire, which his sister attended, and which had a more relaxed and creative ethos. The transfer led to his film debut at the age of 14 in Sunday Bloody Sunday in which he played a vandal in an uncredited role. He described the experience as "heaven", for getting paid £2 to vandalise expensive cars parked outside his local church. Leaving Bedales in 1975, his unruly attitude had faded and he needed to make a career choice. Although he had excelled on stage at the National Youth Theatre in London, he applied for a five-year apprenticeship as a cabinet-maker, but was rejected due to lack of experience. He was then accepted at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School, which he attended for three years, eventually performing at the Bristol Old Vic itself. At one point he played understudy to Pete Postlethwaite, with whom he would later co-star in In the Name of the Father.

Career
1980s
During the early '80s, Day-Lewis worked in theatre and television including Frost in May (where he played an impotent man-child) and How Many Miles to Babylon? (as a World War I officer torn between allegiances to Britain and Ireland) for the BBC. Eleven years after his film debut, Day-Lewis continued his film career with a small part in Gandhi (1982) as Colin, a street thug who bullies the title character, only to be immediately chastised by his high-strung mother. In late 1982 he had his big theatre break when he took over the lead in Another Country. The following year, he had a supporting role as the conflicted, but ultimately loyal first mate in The Bounty, after which he joined the Royal Shakespeare Company, playing Romeo in Romeo and Juliet and Flute in A Midsummer Night's Dream. Next he played a gay man in an interracial relationship in the film My Beautiful Laundrette. Day-Lewis gained further public notice with A Room with a View (1986), in which he portrayed an entirely different character: Cecil Vyse, the proper upper class fiancé of the main character (played by Helena Bonham Carter). In 1987, Day-Lewis assumed leading-man status by starring in Milan Kundera's The Unbearable Lightness of Being, co-starring Lena Olin and Juliette Binoche, as a Czech surgeon whose hyperactive and purely physical sex life is thrown into disarray when he allows himself to become emotionally involved with a woman. During the eight-month shoot he learned Czech and first began to refuse to break character on or off the set for the entire shooting schedule. Day-Lewis threw his personal version of "method acting" into full throttle in 1989 with his performance as Christy Brown in Jim Sheridan's My Left Foot which garnered him numerous awards, including the Academy Award for Best Actor. Daniel prepared for his role by frequent visits to Sandymount School Clinic in Dublin, where he formed friendships with several people with disabilities, some of whom had no speech. During filming, his eccentricities came to the fore, due to his refusal to break character. Playing a severely paralysed character on screen, off screen Day-Lewis had to be moved around the set in his wheelchair, and crew members would curse at having to lift him over camera and lighting wires, all so that he might gain insight into all aspects of Brown's life, including the embarrassments. He broke two ribs during filming from assuming a hunched-over position in his wheelchair for so many weeks (though at the 2013 Santa Barbara International Film Festival Day-Lewis denied breaking any ribs). Day-Lewis returned to the stage in 1989 to work with Richard Eyre, in Hamlet at the National Theatre, London, but collapsed in the middle of a scene where the ghost of Hamlet's father first appears to his son. He began sobbing uncontrollably and refused to go back on stage; he was replaced by Ian Charleson before a then-unknown Jeremy Northam finished what little was left of the production's run. Although the incident was officially attributed to exhaustion, one rumour following the incident was that Day-Lewis had seen the ghost of his own father. He confirmed on the British celebrity chat show Parkinson, that this was true. He has not appeared on stage since.

2000s
After a five-year absence from filming, Day-Lewis returned to act in multiple Academy Award-nominated films such as Gangs of New York, a film directed by Scorsese and produced by Harvey Weinstein. In his role as the villain gang leader "Bill the Butcher", he starred alongside Leonardo DiCaprio, who played Bill's young protégé. He began his lengthy, self-disciplined process by taking lessons as an apprentice butcher, and while filming, he was never out of character between takes (including keeping his character's New York accent). At one point during filming, having been diagnosed with pneumonia, he refused to wear a warmer coat or to take treatment because it was not in keeping with the period; however, he was eventually persuaded to seek medical treatment. His performance in Gangs of New York earned him his third Academy Award nomination and won him the BAFTA Award for Best Actor. After Gangs of New York, Day-Lewis's wife, director Rebecca Miller (daughter of playwright Arthur Miller), offered him the lead role in her film The Ballad of Jack and Rose, in which he played a dying man with regrets over how his life had evolved and over how he had brought up his teenage daughter. During filming he arranged to live separately from his wife in order to achieve the "isolation" needed to focus on his own character's reality. The film received mixed reviews. In 2007, Day-Lewis appeared in director Paul Thomas Anderson's loose adaptation of the Upton Sinclair novel Oil!, titled There Will Be Blood. Day-Lewis received the Academy Award for Best Actor, BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role, Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama, Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role - Motion Picture (which he dedicated to Heath Ledger, saying that he was inspired by Ledger's acting and calling the actor's performance in Brokeback Mountain "unique, perfect"), and a variety of film critics' circle awards for the role. In winning the Best Actor Oscar, Day-Lewis joined Marlon Brando and Jack Nicholson as the only Best Actor winners awarded an Oscar in two non-consecutive decades. In 2009, Day-Lewis starred in Rob Marshall's musical adaptation Nine as film director Guido Contini. Day-Lewis was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy and the Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for his role, as well as sharing nominations for the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture and the Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Cast and the Satellite Award for Best Cast – Motion Picture with the rest of the cast members.

2010s
In November 2010, it was announced that Day-Lewis would play Abraham Lincoln in Steven Spielberg's film Lincoln. Based on the book Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln, the film began shooting in Richmond, Virginia in October 2011.

The film was released in select US cities on November 9, 2012, and received a US national release on November 16, 2012. Day-Lewis spent a year in preparation for the role, a time he requested from Spielberg. Day-Lewis read over 100 books on Lincoln, and long worked with the film's makeup artist to achieve a physical likeness to Lincoln. ''Lincoln'' received widespread critical acclaim, with major praise directed to Day-Lewis' performance. In December 2012, the film was nominated for seven Golden Globe Awards including Best Picture (Drama), Best Director for Spielberg, and Best Actor (Drama) for Day-Lewis. The film has also been nominated for twelve Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director for Spielberg and Best Actor for Day-Lewis. The film also became a commercial success by grossing over $220 million worldwide. In 2013, Day-Lewis won his third Academy Award for his role as Abraham Lincoln in Spielberg's ''Lincoln''.
Personal life
Day-Lewis rarely talks publicly about his personal life. He had a relationship with French actress Isabelle Adjani, which lasted six years and eventually ended after a split and reconciliation. Their son Gabriel-Kane Day-Lewis was born in 1995 in New York, several months after the relationship between the two actors had ended. In 1996, while working on the film version of the stage-play The Crucible, he visited the home of playwright Arthur Miller where he was introduced to the writer's daughter, Rebecca Miller. They married later that year. The couple have two sons, Ronan Cal Day-Lewis (born 14 June 1998) and Cashel Blake Day-Lewis (born in May 2002) and divide their time between their homes in the U.S. and Ireland. Day-Lewis currently holds dual British and Irish citizenship; he became an Irish citizen in 1993. He is a supporter of South-East London football club Millwall F.C..

On 15 July 2010, he received an honorary doctorate in letters from the [[University of Bristol]], in part because of his attendance at the [[Bristol Old Vic Theatre School]] in his youth. Day-Lewis has stated that he had "no real religious education", and that he "suppose[s]" that he is a "die-hard agnostic".
In October 2012, he donated to Oxford University papers belonging to his father, the poet Cecil Day-Lewis, including early drafts of the poet's work as well as letters from actor John Gielgud and famous literary figures such as W. H. Auden, Robert Graves, and Philip Larkin.

Filmography
Year
Title
Role
Notes

1971Sunday Bloody Sunday]]''Child vandalUncredited
1982Gandhi]]''Colin
1984''''John Fryer
1985My Beautiful LaundretteJohnnyNational Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor<br />New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
1985''''Cecil VyseNational Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor<br />New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
1986NanouMaxo
1988''''TomasBoston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
1988Stars and Bars]]''Henderson Dores
1989Eversmile, New JerseyDr. Fergus O'Connell
1989My Left Foot]]''Christy BrownEvening Standard British Film Award for Best Actor]]<br />London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor<br />Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor<br />Montreal World Film Festival Award for Best Actor<br />Montreal World Film Festival – Prize of the Ecumenical Jury – Special Mention <br />National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor<br />New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—European Film Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1992''''Hawkeye (Nathaniel Poe)]]Evening Standard British Film Award]] for Best Actor<br />London Film Critics' Circle Award for British Actor of the Year<br />Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
1993''''Newland ArcherNominated—Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
1993In the Name of the Father]]''Gerry ConlonBoston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role<br />Nominated—David di Donatello Award for Best Foreign Actor<br />Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1996''''John ProctorNominated—New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
1997''''Danny FlynnNominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
2002Gangs of New YorkBill 'The Butcher' CuttingSeattle Film Critics Award]] for Best Actor<br />Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor<br />Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Empire Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama<br />Nominated—MTV Movie Award for Best Villain<br />Nominated—Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
2005''''Jack SlavinMarrakech International Film Festival Award for Best Actor<br />Widdington Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
2007There Will Be BloodDaniel PlainviewAustin Film Critics Association Award]] for Best Actor<br />BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role<br />Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor<br />Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor<br />Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor<br />Chlotrudis Award for Best Actor<br />Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor<br />Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Actor<br />Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor<br />Gransito Movie Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role<br />Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama<br />Houston Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor<br />IndieWire Critics’ Poll Award for Best Performance<br />International Online Film Critics' Poll Award for Best Actor<br />Irish Film Award for Best International Actor<br />Italian Online Movie Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role<br />Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor<br />Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor<br />London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor<br />Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor<br />National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor<br />New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor<br />New York Film Critics Online Award for Best Actor<br />North Texas Film Critics Association for Best Actor
Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor<br />Palm Springs International Film Festival – Desert Palm Achievement Award<br />Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor<br />San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor<br />Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role<br />St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor<br />Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor<br />Utah Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor<br />Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor<br />Village Voice Film Poll – Best Actor<br />Women Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Detroit Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Empire Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Actor
2009Nine]]''Guido ContiniSatellite Award for Best Cast – Motion Picture<br />Nominated—Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Cast<br />Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy<br />Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy<br />Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture<br />Nominated—Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Ensemble
2012Lincoln]]''Abraham LincolnAlliance of Women Film Journalists Award for Best Actor]]
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Black Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Boston Online Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Denver Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Detroit Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor for Best Actor
Dorian Awards for Performance of the Year - Actor
Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Georgia Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Houston Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Indiana Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Iowa Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Irish Film Award for Best International Actor
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
New York Film Critics Online for Best Actor
North Texas Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Oklahoma Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role<br />Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Women Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Nominated—International Online Film Critics' Poll Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—London Film Critics' Circle Award for Best British Actor of the Year<br />Nominated—London Film Critics' Circle Award for Best Actor of the Year<br />Nominated—North Carolina Film Critics Association for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture<br />Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture<br />Nominated—Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor<br />Nominated—Utah Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Critical reception
Film
Rotten Tomatoes
Metacritic

Sunday Bloody Sunday92%
Gandhi88%
The Bounty81%
''My Beautiful Laundrette100%
A Room with a View100%80
Nanou
The Unbearable Lightness of Being95%
Stars and Bars
Eversmile, New Jersey
My Left Foot100%
The Age of Innocence82%83
In the Name of the Father95%84
The Crucible71%
The Boxer77%75
Gangs of New York75%72
The Ballad of Jack and Rose46%59
There Will Be Blood91%92
Nine37%49
Lincoln91%86
See also
List of actors who won the Academy, BAFTA, Golden Globe, SAG, and Critic's Choice Award for a single performance
List of actors with two or more Academy Awards in acting categories
List of awards and nominations received by Daniel Day-Lewis
List of people on stamps of Ireland
References
External links
* *

Extensive Biography at Tiscali UK



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